Article, 2024

Recent advances in functional utilisation of environmentally friendly and recyclable high-performance green biocomposites: A review

Chinese Chemical Letters, ISSN 1878-5964, 1001-8417, Volume 35, 4, Page 108817, 10.1016/j.cclet.2023.108817


Zheng, Guiyang [1] Kang, Xuelian [1] Ye, Haoran [1] Fan, Wei 0000-0001-9850-9734 [2] Sonne, Christian 0000-0001-5723-5263 [3] [4] Lam, Su Shiung 0000-0002-5318-1760 [5] [6] Liew, Keey 0000-0002-8858-237X [6] [7] Xia, Chang Lei 0000-0002-7063-774X [1] Shi, Yang [1] Ge, Sheng-Bo 0000-0001-6666-8423 (Corresponding author) [1] [8] [9]


  1. [1] Nanjing Forestry University
  2. [NORA names: China; Asia, East];
  3. [2] Xi'an Polytechnic University
  4. [NORA names: China; Asia, East];
  5. [3] Aarhus University
  6. [NORA names: AU Aarhus University; University; Denmark; Europe, EU; Nordic; OECD];
  7. [4] University of Petroleum and Energy Studies
  8. [NORA names: India; Asia, South];
  9. [5] Saveetha Institute of Medical And Technical Sciences
  10. [NORA names: India; Asia, South];


Humans have relied on biomass for survival and development since the Stone Age. All aspects of human needs for materials are covered by tools, fuel, and buildings. Nowadays, metals and petroleum-based materials are widely used in highly developed industries. Unfortunately, environmental contamination and the loss of natural resources have led to the reemergence of biomass resources as efficient and sustainable energy sources. Notably, simple and direct applications can no longer meet the demand for functionalization, high performance of materials and construction materials. Therefore, it is imperative to modify biomass and combine its utilisation to produce functionalization and high performance materials. For example, construction materials with superior mechanical properties and water resistance can be produced by reinforcing fibres to facilitate crosslinking. Water-oil separation or adsorption effects of hydrogels and aerogels are determined by the porosity and lightness of biomass, biocomposite conductor is prepared by chimaeric conductive material. Here, we review the approaches that have been taken to devise an environmentally friendly yet fully recyclable and sustainable functionalised biocomposites from biomass and its potential directions for future research.


Stone Age, adsorption, adsorption effect, aerogels, age, applications, approach, biocomposites, biomass, biomass resources, building, conductive materials, conductor, construction, construction materials, contamination, crosslinking, demand, development, development industry, direction, effect, energy sources, environmental contamination, fibres, fuel, function, green biocomposites, high-performance materials, human needs, humans, hydrogels, industry, light, loss, loss of natural resources, materials, mechanical properties, metal, modified biomass, natural resources, needs, performance, performance materials, performance of materials, petroleum-based materials, porosity, potential directions, properties, reemergence, reinforcing fibres, research, resistance, resources, review, separation, source, stone, superior mechanical properties, survival, sustainable energy sources, tools, utilisation, water, water resistance, water-oil, water-oil separation


  • National Natural Science Foundation of China
  • China Postdoctoral Science Foundation

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