open access publication

Chapter, 2023


In: Mathematics Curriculum Reforms Around the World, 978-3-031-13548-4, 978-3-031-13548-4, 978-3-031-13547-7, 978-3-031-13547-7

Series: New ICMI Study Series ISSN 1387-6872, 2215-1745, 1387-6872, 2215-1745, Pages 331-344

Publisher: Springer Nature

DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-13548-4_20

Contributors (5)

Stephens, Max (Corresponding author) [1] Kadijevich, Djordje M [2] Niss, Mogens Allan (0000-0001-8559-8600) [3] Azrou, Nadia [4] Namikawa, Yukihiko [5]


  1. [1] University of Melbourne
  2. [NORA names: Australia; Oceania; OECD]
  3. [2] Institute for Educational Research
  4. [3] Roskilde University
  5. [NORA names: RUC Roskilde University; University; Denmark; Europe, EU; Nordic; OECD]
  6. [4] Department of Mathematics and Informatics, University of Yahia Fares, Blida, Algeria
  7. [5] Nagoya University
  8. [NORA names: Japan; Asia, East; OECD]


Globalisation and internationalisation in the twenty-first century are products of a rapidly changing world characterised by the widespread use of data analytics, rapid refinements in artificial intelligence and its applications, near universal access to high-speed Internet and supporting Cloud storages. These changes, sometimes referred to as a fourth industrial revolution, have a direct impact on mathematics curriculum reforms. They help to redefine what is meant by mathematical literacy, they offer new means of supporting international efforts at mathematics curriculum reform, they provide platforms for expanded use of international tests and assessments, they challenge the way existing subjects are taught; and they enhance the role of computational thinking in the school mathematics curriculum. These changes do not necessarily foreshadow the emergence of a standardised international curriculum since reforms inevitably occur in local or national contexts with their own rich traditions, history, and constraints. But national isolation is no longer desirable or feasible.


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  • Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development